When you’re working in a larger construction project, the dump truck is absolute necessary for the project and a frequent concern is how many cubic yards in a dump truck.
When it comes to a small project, it’s easy to calculate how much topsoil, stone, sand, concrete, and boulders you need for the project. But for a bigger project, you cannot figure out the amount easily. It’s because they are sold in larger amount, most of the times in cubic yards.
If you’re looking to fill up a pickup truck or a dump truck, then you need to consider the capacity. It indicates to a particular project site and your dump truck should fit with other relevant factors too. If that’s too large or small, you may experience unexpected results.
Let’s take a look at some relevant issues about dump truck capacity.
A Cubic Yard
Depending on your project, you need a different amount of materials and all these are calculated in cubic yards. It is the measurement, in which contractors can figure out the required quantity of materials, the price, and the number of truckloads to transport all your materials.
A cubic yard of any material refers to the amount of material required for filling up the net volume of a 1-yard cube. In general, 1 cubic yard of any materials is equal to 1 ton or 2,000 lbs.
More specifically we can say that a cubic yard is simply a cube of elements that is 3′ or one yard long, wide, and high. It means you’ll have 27 cubic feet in 1-cubic yard. Take into account that dry and wet materials act differently. The loose materials will compress down if wet and fluff up if dry.
Weight of A Cubic Yard
The weight can be varied depending on the materials you’re transporting. Mulch weighs up to 1,000 lbs per cubic yard.
Sand, gravel, and stone weigh about 3,000 lbs and soil weighs about 2,200 lbs per cubic yard. However, wet, dry, and moisture conditions of the materials can make a change in the weight of a cubic yard.
How Much Material Do I Need?
This measurement process is very much important. When you calculate everything correctly, you can manage the project without any errors. Excess or less quantity of materials will just create troubles or turn the project into an incomplete action.
As you know all materials for your outdoor project are measured in cubic yards, you need to determine the quantity of necessary materials such as mulch, fill dirt, topsoil, pea gravel, and more in cubic yards.
If you know the procedure, you can find out how much materials you need for your particular project. First, find out the dimension of your running project space. Then utilize a cubic yard calculator to figure out how many cubic yards of materials you need.
Though many cubic yards calculators are available online, you can follow the useful tips below.
- Calculate the length and width of the project space in feet.
- Calculate the depth of the required materials in inches.
- Now convert everything to inches and multiply both of them by 12.
- To get the net quantity in cubic inches, multiply those 3 dimensions; length, width, and depth.
- Divide the calculated quantity (in inches) by 46,656 and you will receive the result in cubic yards.
Remember that a circular project space requires a different calculation. In this case, you’ll need to find out the depth and radius. You can do everything manually or use any cubic calculator for a more precise result.
So, How Many Cubic Yards in A Dump Truck?
As dump truck’s size and construction are not the same, the capacity in cubic yards is different from truck to truck. The weight capacity of a dump truck determines how much the truck can transport without any issues. Usually, it could be 3,000 lbs to 50,000 lbs.
So when you’re using a full-size pickup sized dump truck (2,500 lbs), you can carry ¾ of a cubic yard or 1 cubic yard stone or soil safely.
Depending on the lightweight and heavy materials, the hauling capacity can be varied. For heavier materials, the capacity is limited by the weight of the dump truck. For lightweight materials, the capacity is limited by the size of the dump truck.
Topsoil and stone are comparatively heavier. Soil weighs 1,700 to 2,400 lbs while stone weighs 2,500 to 3,000 lbs per cubic yard.
In general, the maximum quantity per truckload is 12 cubic yards of stone, 15 cubic yards of topsoil, and 22 cubic yards of mulch.
When it comes to gravel, an ideal average is about 3,000 lbs per yard. A dump truck (pickup truck sized) can carry 1 yard and three-axle dump truck can carry about 16.5 yards of gravel.
Always make sure to check the truck owner’s manual for exact weight capacity.
Can I Haul the Required Material in My Own Truck?
Hauling capacity can be varied because of the different sizes of trucks and trailers. Generally, common trucks and trailers can transport 1 to 2 cubic yards. If you haul materials for the first time, you can notice that your truck behaves differently. You should handle the situation carefully, drive safely, control the speed until you feel it easy and bring it under control.
So, you can haul materials in cubic yards and it shouldn’t be above than the pickup truck is rated to transport. If you transport materials by your own truck, make sure the speed is less than 45 mph. The weight of the particular materials also affects your driving as different materials come with different weights.
You can consider the following guidelines:
- Small-size pickups and trailers can carry 1½ cubic yards of mulch and 1 cubic yard of soil.
- Full-size pickups can carry 2 to 3 cubic yards of mulch, 2 cubic yards of soil, and 1 cubic yard of gravel or stone.
How Many Tons Does A Dump Truck Hold?
If you’re willing to know how many tons does a dump truck hold, you first need to know the size of your truck. The amount of tons also depends on the materials you haul. A cubic yard of garbage and sand are not equal in tons. Sand weighs more than the trash.
If you know the gross vehicle weight rating shortly GVWR, you can estimate the dump truck capacity in tons. The truck weight is very close to its load capacity. So as an example, if your truck carries 7 tons, the total of truck weight and load should be approximately 14 tons.
In general, a small dump truck is able to carry around 7 tons of salt while a larger truck is able to carry 8 to 9 tons. The mining truck which is extremely larger can hold a load of 400 tons.
Dump trucks are loaded depending on the weight capacity, not volume. And the truck bed is also another important factor that affects the quantity of materials to carry securely. Within a single load, the truck bed may not be filled up properly to the maximum volume capacity if the material is weighty.
A standard sized dump truck is always recommended for your project. It can carry about 10 to 14 cubic yards of dirt per truckload. For instance, if you require 45 cubic yards of dirt, you need simply 4 truckloads. Many commercial dump trucks have the feature to carry two different materials all at once.
So, in one word, a dump truck can hold and carry any size of the load from 1 to 22 cubic yards.